In Tindouf camps, on the Algerian territory, the situation is obviously different as indicated by the organizations and the international NGOs. The camps and their population live in the utmost poverty and insecurity that are not susceptible to be blurred, subject to a delusional indoctrination and to a severe and humiliating military and police lock.
The young and old people live in fear awaiting for a denunciation, an arbitrary arrest or imprisonment, or a sudden and unknown posting. No more military parades, victory songs and illusions of the glorious Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic in exile.
Furthermore, with Tanzim al-Qaeda bi-Biladi al-Maghrib’s irruption in the region, many young Sahrawis are seduced by the Islamist discourse, as it embodies hope and flight of lyricism and Salafism of its preacher tenors. Some have already joined the organization and are undergoing training in the Islamist military training camps, located on the borders of Algeria, Mali and Niger. Others, less numerous, are already working in the guerrilla operations carried out by the Tanzim in Mauritania and throughout this critical area of North-West Africa.
Therefore, what future for these thousands of young Sahrawis deprived of their liberty, stateless, with no real identity, if it is not the official Algerian identity and with no true perspective, wonders another Saharawi, a student of sociology in Malaga. It is certain that the Islamist ideology is on the crest and wins ground and the young Sahrawis are getting more and more sensitive. The Iraq, Lebanon and Palestine wars, as well as those far away in Afghanistan feed the ignited imagination of the young people and naturally push them into the arms of radical Islamist movements preachers, like the GSPC, Hezbollah or Hamas, and even small groups less known in the region. Trained and armed, they are a real threat of destabilization for all the countries in this part of Africa, from the Maghreb to the Sub-Saharan African countries.